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Gandhi Ghat, Barrackepore

Barrackepore, India
Gandhi Ghat under construction, 1948 © Habib Rahman/Habib Rahman Archives
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Gandhi Ghat under construction, 1948 © Habib Rahman/Habib Rahman Archives
architexturez

Gandhi Ghat in Barrackepore was Habib Rahman’s first project after he he returned to India in 1946 and was appointed Senior Architect in the Bengal Public Work Department. Rahman studied architecture at MIT under Lawrence Anderson, William Wurster and developed a friendship and professional tie with Walter Gropius, who taught next door at Harvard University. Gropius got Rahman his first job after graduation in his firm where Rahman worked until his return to India.

The Memorial

The memorial is reflecting the personality and philosophy of the Mahatma and was the first memorial to the Father of the Nation. Architect's inspiration comes from Gandhiji's respect and love for all religions so he conceived a structure that aesthetically reflected and symbolised the three main religions in India – Hinduism, Islam and Christianity with a tower – a simplified profile of a temple shikhara, capped with an islamic dome. A horizontal cantilevered slab projecting from both sides appeared in silhouette somewhat like a cross.