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Haus am Horn

Weimar, Germany
1 of 1froutes

The Haus am Horn is an experimental residential house built as part of the first Bauhaus exhibition in 1923. It was designed by the painter Georg Muche, then the youngest master of the Bauhaus and constructed by the practice of Bauhaus director Walter Gropius under the architect Adolf Meyer. The furniture was designed by Marcel Breuer, the lights by Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. All interiors were fabricated in the Bauhaus workshops. In 2003, the house was completely restored on the occasion of the Bauhaus‘s 80th anniversary.

The Haus Am Horn was the prototype for the Bauhaus' ideas on residential housing. The model for its spatial concept is the honeycomb. One main space, the living room, is circled by several adjacent smaller spaces. It has a surface of 6x6m and makes up almost half of the total surface of 12.7x12.7m. The hierarchy of the different spaces is visible from the exterior. The main space is exposed through a larger cube at the centre of the structure.

The Haus am Horn lays out the Bauhaus conception of modern living and integrates the social needs of a family without domestic helpin the industrial society. At the construction level, the Bauhaus was keen to employ new methods of specific types and standardisation which can be adapted to mass production with the goal to reduce building costs. The Haus am Horn for the first time lays out the Bauhaus' conceptual framework and approach towards architecture and craftsmanship in an independent structure. Apart from the technical aspects of construction and the fruitful collaboration of the different arts, the school's mission to address the issues of technical progress and social development after the end of WWI becomes apparent.