The residential park at the Berlin Museum, Block 33 was created in the course of the International Building Exhibition IBA Berlin 1987 on the eastern edge of Southern Friedrichstadt in Kreuzberg. The precised location of which is on Lindenstrasse 15-19, Alte Jakobstrasse 129-136 and Am Berlin Museum 1–27.
Friedrichstadt, a part of Berlin Kreuzberg since 1920, was an important part of the pulsating center of the old capital of the Reich. It was almost completely destroyed in 1945 and pushed to the outskirts of then west Berlin with the construction of the Wall in 1963. In the 1980s, the block 33 discussed here emerged before the IBA in a dire state of decay with only fragmentary remains of urban planning. Essentially an abandoned field with wild vegetation Block 33 had a few surviving monumental buildings such as the former Victoria insurance company and the baroque Kollegienhaus which today is the oldest surviving building in Kreuzberg. It had been rebuilt and listed in the 1960s.
While urban development in Berlin continued to be based on the idea of a car-friendly city and the separation of functions until the 1970s, there was a return to the drawing board in the mid-1970s and a change in urban policies. Southern Friedrichstadt became the largest contiguous demonstration area for new construction projects under the overall direction of Prof. Josef Paul Kleihues during the International Bauaustellung 84/87.
Planning history and demonstration goal
The residential park at the Berlin Museum was created as part of the demonstration area "Southern Friedrichstadt". The planning collective Hans Kollhoff and Arthur A. Ovaska won the ideas competition, and the project ran for almost seven years, under a total of eight German and international architect teams. The master plan was divided into several sections and each assigned to the teams.
During the two-year planning phase, architects, the planning committee and a group of citizens debated the density of use, the relationship between built-up and undeveloped areas, residential density, vegetation and design. The knowledge produced through this participation, was incorporated into the planning, for example, large structural forms and rationalistic architectures were perceived as hypothermic, dismissive and even inhuman, where small-scale structures in the traditional architectural language were felt to be homely and easy to identify.
The demonstration goals were:
1. Reorganization of the urban fabric of eastern edge of southern Friedrichstadt with respect to the Wilhelminian building parts of the former Victoria insurance company, the baroque Berlin Museum and the warehouse of the glass cooperative.
2. The spatial division of the development into legible different urban spaces , such as traffic road, access road, block-internal footpath, bike path and living or garden courtyards.
3. Social housing construction, for a wide variety of living and life forms with the central focus on coexistence of different social and ethnic groups, accessibility and integration.
4. Preservation of vegetation within the community space.
5. Offering house gardens as private green spaces.
6. Improving the microclimate by greening the roofs and facades.
7. Offering a glass house on the roof as a year-round garden area.
The overriding task in the district was to record the historical city plan and subdivide the large blocks into manageable micro units, and to design the street widths for the total traffic volume instead of the rush hour. The building application was submitted in June 1983, construction began in spring 1984 and was completed in four construction phases by 1986.
Teams and buildings of Block 33
1. Kollhoff & Ovaska:
The Kollhoff & Ovaska team has realized two buildings, first 33806|the row of houses at the Berlin Museum 2-18]], and the second [[33807|the tower house on Alte Jakobstraße 129d]].
2. Kreis, Schaad & Schaad:
The contribution from Werner Kreis, Peter Schaad and Ulrich Schaad is [[33808|the residential building at Lindenstrasse 15–17]].
3. Hielscher & Mügge:
The western gate and garden houses are from Hielscher and Mügge Am Berlin Museum 17, 19, 25/27.
4. Franz C. Demblin:
The gate house and garden houses of Franz C. Demblin are at the Berlin Museum 5/7, 13, 15, 21/23 - the middle four of the twelve houses.
5. Jourdan Müller Albrecht:
The eastern gate and garden houses at Berlin Museum 1/3, 9, 11 are designed by Jourdan Müller Albrecht.
6. Stavoprojekt Liberec:
The contribution from Stavoprojekt Liberec is the residential building with shops, Alte Jakobstraße 135/136.
7. Frowein & Spangenberg:
In addition to the design of the open space, the Frowein and Spangenberg team also worked on the residential development of [[33811|the properties on Alt Jakobstrasse 129–133]].
8. [[Arata Isozaki:
The apartment building at Lindenstrasse 19, in the back yard of Victoria Insurance, is from Isozaki and Associates.(Isozaki House - Block 33)